Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is 50 kilometres stretched area of the river Ganga ranging from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon in the district of Bhagalpur.

In 1991, the sanctuary was initiated as a protected area for the conservation of river Dolphins by the Government of India.

The species of dolphins found in Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary were classified as the most endangered species in 2006 by IUCN Red list of threatened species and included in the Schedule-1 of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

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National Aquatic Animal of Country

From then, many steps have been taken to ensure the survival and re-population of the Gangetic Dolphins. These dolphins hold great importance as they are the National Aquatic Animal of the country.

However, in the past century, the population of these aquatic angles declined rapidly due to the various human made factors like motorized boats which release the harmful pollutants inside the water.

Conservation of Gangetic Dolphin

Currently, there are various conservation works going on the Sanctuary area. Some of the notable works are:

The Vikramshila Biodiversity Research and Education Centre (VBREC), the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS), the Environmental Biology Laboratory of Patna University, and Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University have together initiated a project to improve the conservation value of Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary.

Worldwide Fund for Nature –India (WWF India) had started the “Dolphin Conservation Programme” to conserve the habitat of Ganges River Dolphin and secure a healthy future for these endangered species.